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Mumbai's architectural heritage from the British Raj is the icon of this vibrant city of gold. The origin of the name is obscure, but is often said to come from the Portuguese phrase bom bahia meaning "good bay", changed by the Britts to Bombay.

The early interactions of Bombay - which was one of the nearly 25 islands off the Konkan coast - began with the Portuguese in the Vasco da Gama era, with formal authority of the European power being established in 1534. In 1661 the Portuguese gifted Bombay islands to King Charles 11 of England when he married the Portuguese princess Catherine of Braganza in dowry. Bombay passed on to the British crown in 1655 and was, in turn, handed over to the East India Company for an annual rent of £10. Bombay was a virtual creation of the British and did not have a pre-colonial history. The native population, on the other hand, was left to settle and fill in the gaps to the northwest of the fort area. It was, and still is characterized by overcrowding, unsanitary conditions and haphazard settlements. Less well-known are the small places of religion tucked away inside crowded bazars, or the forgotten mansions of the once rich.

They then developed bazaar areas near the fort for their commercial purposes Eventually the city became too large for the island and they had to reclaim land from the sea, much like many of the other port colonial cities.

Mumbai Weather Information

  • Sat Dec 10 32°C 19°C
  • Sun Dec 11 32°C 20°C
  • Mon Dec 12 33°C 21°C
  • Tue Dec 13 34°C 24°C
  • Wed Dec 14 34°C 26°C
  • Thu Dec 15 34°C 26°C
  • Fri Dec 16 34°C 26°C
  • Sat Dec 17 34°C 25°C
  • Sun Dec 18 34°C 23°C
  • Mon Dec 19 34°C 22°C
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